I’ve noticed the last several months, that my most popular search terms on my blog are “running for beginners” and “fartleks” which leads me to believe I’m attracting a lot of people new to the running scene. So, I thought I would throw together a post of all the important running lingo that new runners should know (if for no other reason, than being able to do more than just not along during a conversation ) It can be really daunting reading all of this jargon that makes the 12 year old humor come out in all of us. I mean, fartleks… hehehe. COME ON!
While on the subject… Lets start with Fartleks – Speed Play, or “Fartlek” in Swedish (the concept originated in Sweden) is a speedwork format using variable pace running; A mixture of slow running, running at a moderate pace and short, fast bursts. Used to increase speed and endurance.
DNF – Did Not Finish. This is when a runner doesn’t finish the race that they started. “Dropped” is another common term thrown around referring to this.
DNS - Did Not Start. When someone has registered for a race, but never made it to the starting line.
400 Meters - One lap around the track.
5k – 3.1 Miles
10k - 6.2 miles
Half Marathon – 13.1 miles
Marathon – 26.2 miles
Ultra Marathon – Any race over 26.2 miles.
PR – Personal Record. Best time someone has run a specific distance.
Taper – Reducing your mileage in the few weeks before a big race to ensure top performance on race day.
LSD – No, not the drug kids…. the Long Slow Distance; Running at a low to moderate intensity for a longer distance or time. LSD is known to improve endurance and maximum oxygen uptake.
LR – The Long run; A longer distance run typically used once per week during training cycles.
Bandit - A person running a race without having registered or paying for said race.
Intervals - Set distances or times that are meant to be run fast and followed by periods of recovery.
Negative Split – To run the second half of your run or race, faster than the first half.
Bonk/Hitting the Wall - To become literally exhausted, depleted and unable to keep moving forward at a desired pace. This occurs when your glycogen stores are depleted.
Junk Miles – Low quality runs used just to get your mileage for the week higher.
Recovery Run - A recovery run is a short, slow run that takes place within a day after a longer, harder run. This helps teach the body how to work through a fatigued state.
Chip Time - A runner’s race time measured by a chip typically attached to their sneaker or in their bibs. This is the actual time it took to get from the starting line to the finish line.
Cadence – Stride turnover -or- the number of steps taken per minute.
DOMS – Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness. This is common around 24-48 hours after a particularly intense run.
ITBS – IT Band Syndrome. The IT Band (Iliotibial band) is a thick ‘band’ of tissue that runs from your hip, down your thigh, across the knee, and through the shin. Between the bone and IT Band are bursa which are supposed to aid in a smooth motion while running. However, when inflamed, it does not rotate in a smooth motion and as a result of how it is now moving, there is pain.
Runner’s Knee - This is the most common injuries among runners, also known as Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS). This pain is located on or around the kneecap and is commonly explained as feeling like your knee is giving out.
BQ – Boston Marathon Qualifying time.
Tempo – A training run performed at 75%-85% effort over a particular distance.
Carb-Loading - To maximize the storage of glycogen in the muscles, endurance athletes consume a diet high in carbohydrates a few days prior to a longer race.
Splits - Times given or recorded at particular points throughout a run.
CR – Course Record; The fastest anyone has run a particular course.
Pronation – The slight, inward roll of the foot as the arch collapses as it has strikes the ground.
Overpronation – The foot rolls inward too much. As a result, the foot and ankle have problems stabilizing the body & the impact isn’t absorbed properly.
Underpronation – The foot doesn’t roll inward enough after the outside of the heel lands. As a result, the impact is absorbed on the outer part of the foot, causing more stress on the lower leg.
I’m sure I’m missing some great ones! Whats the most ridiculous running term you’ve heard?